I'm not a Mac guy, and all I can say is I don't think this model supports this type of SSD you linked to that uses SATA expansion slots. AFAIK, later models stopped using that and moved to M.2 slots. Let alone internal support.
Mac geeks, and those know-it-all kinda people, will help you in this.
I replaced a platter drive on a Mac at one time and quickly found out the Apple uses a temp sensor on their drives. And that was embedded into the Apple drive itself. So I got errors and hi fan speed when I installed an SSD. The solution I found at that time was to install a separate sensor and I used tape to secure it to the SSD (not that it needed it, but to only prevent an error). You may want to try this if there is a sensor in the original drive.... https://www.ifixit.com/Answers/View...e,+how+do+I+connect+Hard+Drive+thermal+sensor